What Does Research Reveal About Indica and Sativa Strains?

The two basic categories of cannabis are Indica and Sativa. Both are used for recreational and medicinal purpose. The former is associated with full-body high like deep relaxation and a decrease in sleeplessness. The latter is popular for its head-high and energizing effect. It enhances focus and creativity while reducing stress or anxiety.

What research says about indica and sativa effects?

The cannabis landscape is overwhelming because of the countless number of strains and products available on online stores like The first step for new buyers is to understand what research reveals about Indica vs Sativa effects.

Research reports that the effects of individual plants in the same cannabis category produce varying effects. The inherently uplifting and sedating pattern of Sativa and Indica depends on the growing techniques used and the chemical composition of the cannabis plant. Your unique tolerance level, metabolism, dosage, and consumption method also plays a part in rooting the effects of a specific strain.


The cannabis plant profile holds many chemical compositions that induce an exclusive harmony effect. Cannabinoids are one of the leading chemicals including THC {Tetrahydrocannabinol} and CBD {cannabidiol}.

  • THC makes consumers feel high and hungry. It helps to gain relief from nausea, pain, inflammation, etc.
  • CBD is a non-psychoactive compound. It alleviates pain, anxiety, inflammation, insomnia, and several medical conditions.

There are dozens of different cannabinoids but THC and CBD are prioritized. Rather than choosing strain according to Indica or Sativa category, you can select on these three sub-categories.

  • THC-dominant – Consumers looking for solid euphoric experience choose THC-dominant strains.
  • CBD-dominant – Consumers highly sensitive to THC and need clear-head relief from their symptoms can choose CBD-dominant strain [THC is as low as 0.3].
  • Balanced THC/CBD – The ratio of THC and CBD is the same resulting in mild euphoria along with symptom relief. New users can find this a good option and get introduced to marijuana’s signature high.


Terpenes are the fragrant compounds produced in fruit and plants. It is the terpenes that make marijuana smell like pine, citrus, berries, fuel, etc. The research report says that terpenes are major players that drive the energizing and sedating effect. Which are the terpenes responsible to cause the specific kind of effect is complicated to identify. There are multiple terpenes present in cannabis including the more pronounced ones –

  • Mycerene
  • Limonene
  • Caryophyllene
  • Terpinolene

Smell the strain you prefer to buy to discover the emphasized aroma and give it a try. Soon, your knowledge and intuition associated with terpenes and cannabinoids will guide you choose a preferable strain.

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